This 106-page guide from the American Cancer Society provides detailed information about breast cancer, including information on risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.
This guide addresses the following topics:
- What is cancer?
- What is breast cancer?
- Normal breast structure
- Benign breast lumps
- Breast cancer general terms
- Types of breast cancers
- What are the key statistics about breast cancer?
- What are the risk factors for breast cancer?
- Risk factors you cannot change
- Lifestyle-related factors and breast cancer
- Factors with uncertain, controversial, or unproven effect on breast cancer risk
- Do we know what causes breast cancer?
- Can breast cancer be prevented?
- For women who may be at increased risk
- Can breast cancer be found early?
- American Cancer Society recommendations for early breast cancer detection
- Clinical breast exam
- Breast awareness and self exam
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- How is breast cancer diagnosed?
- Signs and symptoms
- Medical history and physical exam
- Imaging tests used to evaluate breast disease
- Other tests
- Laboratory examination of breast cancer tissue
- How is breast cancer staged?
- Imaging tests to look for breast cancer spread
- The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM (Tumor, Nodes, Metastasis) system
- Breast cancer survival rates by stage
- How is breast cancer treated?
- General types of treatment
- Surgery for breast cancer
- Radiation therapy
- Hormone therapy
- Targeted therapy
- High-dose chemotherapy with bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplant
- Clinical trials
- Complementary and alternative therapies
- Treatment of stage 0 (noninvasive) breast cancer
- Treatment of invasive breast cancer by stage
- Treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy
- More treatment information
- What should you ask your doctor about breast cancer?
- What happens after treatment for breast cancer?
- Followup care
- Quality of life
- Emotional aspects of breast cancer
- Body image
- Pregnancy after breast cancer
- Postmenopausal hormone therapy after breast cancer
- Seeing a new doctor
- Lifestyle changes to consider during and after treatment
- What happens if treatment is no longer working?
- What's new in breast cancer research and treatment?
- Causes of breast cancer
- Gene expression studies and new breast cancer classifications
- Newer imaging tests
- MRI-assisted breast biopsy
- Additional resources
American Cancer Society
American Cancer Society
- Abeloff MD, Wolff AC, Wood WC, et al. Cancer of the breast. In: Abeloff MD, Armitage JO, Lichter AS, et al, editor(s). Clinical oncology. Philadelphia (PA): Elsevier; 2004. p. 2369-70.
- American Cancer Society. Cancer facts & figures 2006. Atlanta (GA): American Cancer Society; 2006.
- American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC). AJCC cancer staging manual. 6th ed. New York (NY): Springer Verlag; 2002. p. 221-40.
- Avis NE, Crawford S, Manuel J. Quality of life among younger women with breast cancer. J Clin Oncol 2005 May 20;23(15):3322-30. [PubMed]
- Barthelmes L, Davidson LA, Gaffney C, et al. Pregnancy and breast cancer. BMJ 2005 Jun 11;330(7504):1375-8. [11 references] [PubMed]
- Dorval M, Guay S, Mondor M, et al. Couples who get closer after breast cancer: frequency and predictors in a prospective investigation. J Clin Oncol 2005 May 20;23(15):3588-96. [PubMed]
- Early Breast Cancer Trialists' Collaborative Group (EBCTCG). Effects of chemotherapy and hormonal therapy for early breast cancer on recurrence and 15-year survival: an overview of the randomised trials. Lancet 2005 May 14-20;365(9472):1687-717. [PubMed]
- Holmberg L, Anderson H. HABITS (hormonal replacement therapy after breast cancer—is it safe?), a randomised comparison: trial stopped. Lancet 2004 Feb 7;363(9407):453-5. [PubMed]
- Margolese RG, Hortobagyi GN, Buchholz TA. Neoplasms of the breast. In: Kufe DW, Pollock RE, Weichselbaum RR, et al, editor(s). Cancer medicine. 6th ed. Hamilton (ON): BC Decker; 2003. p. 1879-2.
- Pisano ED, Gatsonis C, Hendrick E, et al. Diagnostic performance of digital versus film mammography for breast-cancer screening. N Engl J Med 2005 Oct 27;353(17):1773-83. E-pub 2005 Sep 16. [36 references] [PubMed]
- Winer EP, Carey LA, Dowsett M, et al. Beyond anatomic staging: is it time to take a leap into the molecular era? In: American Society of Clinical Oncology educational book. Alexandria (VA): American Society of Clinical Oncology; 2005.
- Wood WC, Muss HB, Solin LJ, et al. Malignant tumors of the breast. In: DeVita VT, Hellman S, Rosenberg SA, editor(s). Cancer: principles and practice of oncology. Philadelphia (PA): Lippincott-Williams & Wilkins; 2005. p. 1415-77.
- Release Date: 09/2004
- Review Date: 08/2006
- Recent Summary: 08/2006
- Original Summary: 10/2004
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Last updated: December 19, 2012.